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Bibliography on Medicinal Uses of Cannabis

Baker, D, Pryce, G, Giovannoni, G. and Thompson, AJ. “The therapeutic potential of cannabis.” The Lancet 2(5) 2003: 291-298.
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Booth, William. "Santa Cruz Defies U.S. on Marijuana: City Officials Vow To Defend Medical Uses." Washington Post 18 Sept. 2002: A3+.
Breen, B. “The Cannabis Conundrum: Medical marijuana could be the next big thing in biotech, but not in the United States.” Fast Company. 5 February 2004. 5 pp.
Callahan, Rick. "Scientists edge closer to understanding how marijuana kills pain." Associated Press 05 Oct. 1998.
Campbell, FA, Tramer, MR, Carroll, D, Reynolds, DJ, Moore, RA, McQuay, HJ. “Are cannabinoids an effective and safe treatment option in the management of pain? A qualitative systematic review. ” British Medical Journal 323(7303) 2001:13-6.
Carter, GT, Weydt, P, Kyashna-Tocha, M and Abrams, DI. Medical cannabis: Rational guidelines for dosing. 2004. 15 pp.
Clark, PA. "The ethics of medical marijuana: government restrictions vs. medical necessity." Journal of Public Health Policy 21(1) 2000:40-60.
Clarke, Robert Connell. Marijuana Botany. 1991.
Conrad, Chris. Hemp for Health: The Medicinal and Nutritional Uses of Cannabis Sativa. Inner Traditions Ltd. 1997. 288 p.
Council on Scientific Affairs. "Marijuana: Its health hazards and therapeutic potentials." Journal of the American Medical Association 246(16) 1981: 1823-1827.
Council on Scientific Affairs; American Medical Association. Featured CSA Report: Medical Marijuana (A-01): Presented at the 2001 Annual Meeting of the AMA as “Report 6 of the Council on Scientific Affairs”. 2001. various pp.
Doblin, R, Kleiman, MR “The medical use of marijuana: The case for clinical trials.” Journal of Addictive Diseases 14(1) 1995: 5-13.
Earleywine, M. Understanding marijuana: A new look at the scientific evidence. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press. 2002. 326 pp.
Feldman, Harvey W.; Mandel, Jerry. "Providing medical marijuana: The importance of cannabis clubs." Journal of Psychoactive Drugs. 1998. 30(2): 179-186. Field, M, DiCamillo, M. Strong support for implementation of Prop 215, the state's medical marijuana law: Californians' attitudes about the drug have changed over time. San Francisco, CA: Field Research Corporation. 2004. 6 pp.
Fowler, CJ. “Possible involvement of the endocannabinoid system in the actions of three clinically used drugs.” Trends in Pharmacological Sciences. 2004. 25: 59-61.
Golden, T. “Doctors are focus of plan to fight new drug laws: officials deal with narcotics’ medical
use.” New York Times 23 Dec. 1996: A10+.
Gonzalez R, Carey, C, and Grant, I. “Nonacute (Residual) Neuropsychological Effects of Cannabis Use: A Qualitative Analysis and Systemic Review. ” Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 42 2002: 48S-57S.
Grant, I, Gonzalez, R, Carey, C, Natarajan, L., Wolfson, T. “Non-acute (residual) neurocognitive effects of cannabis use: A meta-analysis study. ” Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society 9 2003: 679-689.
Grotenhermen, F, Russo, EB. Cannabis and cannabinoids: Pharmacology, toxicology, and therapeutic potential. New York: Haworth Integrative Healing Press 2002.
Grinspoon, Lester, M.D. Marijuana, the Forbidden Medicine (revised and expanded edition). New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press. 1997. 312 p.
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Grinspoon, Lester. Marihuana Reconsidered. 1994.
Golden, Tim. "Doctors are focus of plan to fight new drug laws: officials deal with narcotics’ medical use." New York Times 23 Dec. 1996: A10+.
Hall, WD, Degenhardt, LJ, Currow, D. "Allowing the medical use of cannabis." Medical Journal of Australia 175(1) 2001: 39-40.
Iversen, L. “Cannabis and the brain.” Brain 126 2003: 1252-1270.
Joy, Janet E., Stanley J. Watson, and John A. Benson. Marijuana and medicine: Assessing the science base. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1999.
Karst, M and et al. “Analgesic effect of the synthetic cannabinoid CT-3 on chronic neuropathic pain.” JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association. 2003. 290: 1757-1762.
Kassirer, Jerome P., M.D. "Federal Foolishness and Marijuana." New England Journal of Medicine 336(5) 1997: 366-367.
Khalsa, JH, Genser, S, Francis, H, and Martin B. “Clinical consequences of marijuana.” The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 42 (11, Suppl.) 2002.
Kreit, A. “Comment: The future of medical marijuana: Should the states grow their own.” University of Pennsylvania Law Review. 2003. 151: 42 pp.
Krylatov, AV and et al. “Endogenous cannabinoids improve myocardian resistance to arrhythmogenic effects of coronary occlusion and reperfusion: A possible mechanism.” Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine. 2002. 133: 144-147.
Kumar, RN, Chambers, WA, Pertwee, RG. "Pharmacological actions and therapeutic uses of cannabis and cannabinoids." Anaesthesia 56(11) 2001: 1059-68.
Mack, Alison; Joy, Janet. Marijuana as Medicine: The Science Beyond the Controversy. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. 2001. 199 p. Policy Project. State by state medical marijuana laws: How to remove the threat of arrest. Washington, DC: Marijuana Policy Project. 2004. 137 pp.
Martinez , Martin; Podrebarar, Francis. The New Prescription: Marijuana as Medicine. 2000.
Mathre, Mary Lynn, Ed. Cannabis in Medical Practice: A Legal, Historical and Pharmacological Overview of the Therapeutic Use of Marijuana. Jefferson, NC: McFarland. 1997. 228 p.
Mechoulam, R, Hanus, L. "Cannabidiol: an overview of some chemical and pharmacological aspects Part I: chemical aspects." Chemistry and Physics of Lipids 121(1-2) 2002: 35-43.
Mikuriya, M.D., Tod, Ed. Marijuana: Medical Papers (1839-1972). Oakland, Calif.: MediComp Press. 1973. 465 p.
Mobilizing Activists & Students for Hemp (M.A.S.H.). A Report to the Illinois economic development policy conference on the economic impact of policies relating to the cannabis plant and drug prohibition. Unpublished. 2002. 5 pp.
Morgan, David R.; Ashton, C. Eds. "Therapeutic Uses of Cannabis." British Medical Association, Ed. 1998.
Nelan, E. "IOM finds scientific merit to medical marijuana." Institute of Medicine. GMHC Treat Issues 13(4) 1999:11-12.
Notcutt, Wand et al. “Initial experience with medicinal extracts of cannabis for chronic pain: Results from 35 'N of 1' studies.” Anaesthesia. 2004. 59: 440-452.
Ogborne, AC, Smart, RG, Weber, T, Birchmore-Timney C. "Who is using cannabis as a medicine and why: an exploratory study." Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 32(4) 2000: 435-43.
O'Leary, Alice M.; Randall, Robert. Marijuana Rx: The Patients' Fight for Medicinal Po.t
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Pacula, RL, Chriqui JF, Reichmann DA, Terry-McElrath YM. "State medical marijuana laws: understanding the laws and their limitations." Journal of Public Health Policy 23(4) 2002: 413-39.
Pillsbury, J. Jim Pillsbury Live: Medical marijuana show. 14 April 2003. 60 mins.
Pollan, Michael. "Living with medical marijuana." New York Times Magazine. July 20, 1997. 22-29, 40, 48, 54-55.
Randall, Robert C. Cancer Treatment & Marijuana Therapy. ISBN: 0-936485-05-1. 365 p.
Randall, R. Marijuana as medicine: Initial steps: Recommendations for the Clinton administration. Washington, DC: Galen Press. 1993. 56 pp.
Randall, Robert C. Marijuana, Medicine & the Law, Volume I: The Direct Testimony. ISBN: 0-936485-02-7. 502 p.
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Russo, EB. “Cannabinoids in Pain Management.” British Medical Journal 323 2001: 1249.
Russo, EB. “Cannabis and cannabis based medicine extracts: Additional results.” Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics. 2003. 3(4): 153-161.
Russo, EB. “Clinical endocannabinoid deficiency (CECD): Can this concept explain therapeutic benefits of cannabis in migraine, fibromyalgia, irritable bowel syndrome and other treatment-resistant conditions.” Neuroendocrinology Letters. 2004. 25: 31-39.
Russo, EB. “Introduction: Cannabis: From pariah to prescription.” Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics. 2003. 3: 1-29.
Russo, EB. “The role of cannabis and cannabinoids in pain management.” Pain management : A practical guide for clinicians Boca Raton: Saint Lucie Press 2002 357-375.
Russo, EB, McPartland, JM. “Cannabis and cannabis extracts: Greater than the sum of their parts.” Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics 1(3/4) 2001: 103-132.
Russo, EB, McPartland, JM. “Cannabis is more than simply tetrahydrocannabinol.”
Psychopharmacology 165 2003: 431-432.
Russo, EB, Mathre, ML, Byrne, A and et al. “Chronic cannabis use in the compassionate
investigational new drug program: An examination of benefits and adverse effects of legal
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Schurr, A. "Marijuana: Much ado about THC." Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 80(1)
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Schwartz, RH, Voth, EA. “Marijuana as medicine: Making a silk purse out of a sow's ear.” Journal of
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Snyder, Solomon H. Marijuana: Its Effects on Mind and Body, Encyclopedia of Psychoactive Drugs. Series 1, 1991.
Starks, Michael. Marijuana Chemistry: Genetics, Processing & Potency. 1990.
Taylor, HG. "Analysis of the medical use of marijuana and its societal implications." Journal of
American Pharmaceutical Association 38(2) 1998: 220-7.
Thomas, C and Mirken, B. Effective arguments for medical marijuana advocates. Marijuana
Policy Project. Undated. 11 pp.
Ugdyzhekova, DS and et al. “Activation of cannabinoid receptors decreases the area of ischemic myocardial necrosis.” Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine. 2002. 133(2): 148-150.
Ungerleider, J. and Andrysiak, T. "Therapeutic issues of marijuana and THC." International Journal of Addictions 20(5) 1985: 691-699.
Voth, EA, Schwartz, RH. "Medicinal applications of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and marijuana." Annals of Internal Medicine 126(10) 1997: 791-8.
Wade, DT, Robson, P, House, H and et al. “A preliminary controlled study to determine whether whole-plant cannabis extracts can improve intractable neurogenic symptoms.” Clinical Rehabilitation
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Wall, J, Davis, S, Man, D and et al. “Cannabis: Its therapeutic use.” Nursing Standard 21 2001: (16): 39-44.
Watson, SJ, Benson JA Jr, Joy JE. "Marijuana and medicine: assessing the science base: a summary of the 1999 Institute of Medicine report." Archives of General Psychiatry 57(6) 2000: 547-52.
Williamson, EM, Evans FJ. "Cannabinoids in clinical practice." Drugs 60(6) 2000: 1303-14.
Workman, Bill. "Pot Study in Spotlight: San Mateo County’s Clinical Trial Is a First in U.S." San Francisco Chronicle 25 July 2001: A13+.
Zimmer, PhD, Lynn; Morgan, M.D., John P., Marijuana Myths Marijuana Facts: A Review Of
The Scientific Evidence. New York: The Lindesmith Center. 1997. 264 p.
Zimmerman, Bill, et al. Is Marijuana the Right Medicine for You: A Factual Guide to MedicalUses of Marijuana. New Caanan, Conn.: Keats Publishing. 1998. 200 p.
Zinberg, N. "On cannabis and health." Journal of Psychedelic Drugs 11(1-2) 1979: 135-144.
Medical Marijuana and AIDS/HIV Infection
"Medical marijuana--is it safe?" Project Inform Perspective (31) 2000: 8.
"NIH may fund research into marijuana therapy." Aids Alert 12(4)1997: 45-46.
Abrams, D. "Marijuana, the AIDS Wasting Syndrome, and the U.S. Government." New England Journal of Medicine 333(10) 1995: 670-671.
Abrams, DI and et al. “Short-term effects of cannabinoids in patients with HIV-1 infection.” Annals of
Internal Medicine. 2003. 139(4): 258 - 267.
Abrams, DI and et al. “Summaries for patients: Does marijuana affect viral loads in people with HIV.” Annals of Internal Medicine. 2003. 139(4): 1 p.
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Beal JE, Olson, R, Lefkowitz, L, Laubenstein, L, Bellman, P, Yangco, B, Morales, JO, Murphy, R, Powderly, W, Plasse, TF, Mosdell, KW, Shepard, KV. "Long-term efficacy and safety of dronabinol for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-associated anorexia." Journal of Pain and Symptom Management 14 1997: 7-14.
Bruera, E. "Pharmacological treatment of cachexia: Any progress?" Supportive Care of Cancer 6 1998: 109-113.
Bredt, BM, Higuera-Alhino, D, Shade, SB, Hebert, SJ, McCune, JM, Abrams, DI. "Short-term effects of cannabinoids on immune phenotype and function in HIV-1-infected patients." Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 42(11 Suppl) 2002: 82S-89S.
Dansak, DA. "Medical use of recreational drugs by AIDS patients." Journal of Addictive Diseases 16(3) 1997: 25-30.
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Grinspoon, L, J, and Doblin, R. "Marijuana, the AIDS Wasting Syndrome, and the U.S.
Government; Letter." New England Journal of Medicine 333(10) 1995: 670-671.
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Medical Marijuana and Glaucoma
Aim, A., Camras, CB, Watson, PG. "Phase III latanoprost studies in Scandanavia, the United
Kingdom and the United States." Survey of Ophthalmology 41 1997: S105-S110.
Alward, WL. "Medical management of glaucoma." The New England Journal of Medicine 339 1998:1298-1307.
Camras, CB, Aim, A, Watson, P, Stjernschantz, J. "Latanoprost, a prostaglandin analog, for glaucoma therapy: Efficacy and safety after 1 year of treatment in 198 patients Latanoprost Study Groups." Ophthalmology 103 1996:1916-1924.
Chauhan, BC, Drance, SM. "The relationship between intraocular pressure and visual field progression in glaucoma." Graefe's Archives for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology 230 1992: 521-526.
Cooler, P, Gregg, JM. "Effect of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol on intraocular pressure in humans." Southern Medical Journal 70 1977:951-954.
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Follmann, P, Paltotas, C, Suveges, I, Petrovits, A. "Nocturnal blood pressure and intraocular pressure measurement in glaucoma patients and healthy controls." International Ophthalmology 20 1996-1997: 83-87.
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Green, K. "Marijuana smoking vs cannabinoids for glaucoma therapy." Archives of Ophthalmology 116(11) 1998: 1433-1437.
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Kaufman, PL. "Marijuana and glaucoma." Archives of Ophthalmology 116(11) 1998: 1512-1513.
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Merritt, J. et al. "Topical delta-8-tetrahydrocannabinol as a potential glaucoma agent." Glaucoma 4
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Merritt, J., Crawford, W., Alexander, P., Anduze, A. and Gelbart, S. "Effect of marihuana on intraocular and blood pressure in glaucoma. " Ophthalmology 87(3) 1980: 222-228.
Merritt, J., Perry, D., Russell, D. and Jones, B. "Topical delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and aqueous dynamics in glaucoma." Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 21(8-9) 1981: 467S-471S.
Porcella, A, Casellas, P, Gessa, GL, Pani, L. "Cannabinoid receptor CB1 mRNA is highly expressed in the rat ciliary body: implications for the antiglaucoma properties of marihuana." Brain Research Molecular Brain Research 58(1-2) 1998: 240-245.
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Medical Marijuana and Cancer
Bateman, D.C., Rawlins, M. "Therapeutic potential of cannabinoids." British Medical Journal 284 1982: 1211-1212. "Cannabinoids for nausea." The Lancet 1(8214) 1981: 255-256.
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Levitt, M, Faiman, C, Hawks, R, et al. "Randomized double-blind comparison of delta-9-THC and marijuana as chemotherapy antiemetics." Proceedings of the American Society for Clinical Oncology 3 1984: 91.
Noyes R Jr, Brunk, SF, Baram, DA, Canter, A. "Analgesic effect of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol." Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 15(2-3) 1975:139-43.
Noyes R Jr, Brunk, SF, Baram, DA, Canter, A. Sallan, S.E., Cronin, C. Zelen, M., Zinberg, N.E. "Antiemetics in patients receiving chemotherapy for cancer: A randomized comparison of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and prochlorperazine. " New England Journal of Medicine 302(3) 1980: 135-138.
Parker LA, Mechoulam, R,Schlievert,C. "Cannabidiol, a non-psychoactive component of cannabis and its synthetic dimethylheptyl homolog suppress nausea in an experimental model with rats." Neuroreport 13(5) 2002: 567-70.
Parker LA, Mechoulam R, Schlievert, C, Abbott, L, Fudge, ML, Burton, P. "Effects of cannabinoids on lithium-induced conditioned rejection reactions in a rat model of nausea." Psychopharmacology 166(2) 2003: 156-62.
Sallan, S.E., Zinberg, N.E., Ferei, E., III, "Antiemetic effect of delta-9- tetrahydrocannabinol in patients receiving cancer chemotherapy." New England Journal of Medicine 293(16) 1975: 795- 797.
Schwartz, RH, Beveridge, RA. "Marijuana as an antiemetic drug: how useful is it today? Opinions from clinical oncologists." Journal of Addictive Diseases 14(1) 1994: 5-14.
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Vinciguerra, V., Moore, T., Brennab, E. "Inhalation marijuana as an antiemetic for cancer chemotherapy. " N.Y. State Journal of Medicine 1988: 525-527.
Medical Marijuana and Epilepsy, Multiple Sclerosis, Spinal Cord Injury
Ames, F. and Cridland, S. "Anticonvulsant effects of cannabidiol." South Africa Medical Journal 69 1986: 14.
Baker, D. et al. "Cannabinoids control spasticity and tremor in a multiple sclerosis model." Nature 84, January 2000: 84-87.
Baker, D, Pryce, G “The therapeutic potential of cannabis in multiple sclerosis.” Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs 12(4) 2003: 291-298.
Campbell, FA, Tramer, MR, Carroll, D, Reynolds, DJ, Moore, RA, McQuay, HJ. "Are cannabinoids an effective and safe treatment option in the management of pain? A qualitative systematic review." British Medical Journal 323(7303) 2001:13-6.
Clark, AJ, Ware, MA, Yazer, E and et al. “Patterns of cannabis use among patients with multiple sclerosis.” Neurology. 2004. 62(11): 2098-2100.
Clifford, D.B. "Tetrahydrocannabinol for tremor in multiple sclerosis." Annals of Neurology 13 1983:
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Consroe, P, Musty, R, Rein, J, Tillery,W, Pertwee, R. "The perceived effects of smoked cannabis on patients with multiple sclerosis." European Neurology 38(1) 1997: 44-8.
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Gross, DW, Hamm, J, Ashworth, NL and Quigley, D. “Marijuana use and epilepsy.” Neurology. 2004. 62(11): 2095-2097.
Karler, R., Cely, W., and Turkanis, S. "The anticonvulsant activity of cannabidiol and cannabinol."
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Petro, D., Ellenberger, C., Jr. "Treatment of human spasticity with delta-9- tetrahydrocannabinol." Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 21(8-9 Suppl.) 1981:413S-416S.
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